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Types of Epilepsy

July 30, 2014

Different sections of the brainTypes of Epilepsy

There are many different types of epilepsy, and with each type of epilepsy there are different symptoms. Most forms of epilepsy are named after the the area of the brain that they effect. Most of the forms of epilepsy are very rare, and typically are originated in childhood or even infancy. There are others however that begin in adulthood and old age. We will list some of the most common forms of epilepsy, and explain some of the symptoms and what part of the brain they effect. The most common forms of epilepsy are:

Absence epilepsy  typically is hereditary, and usually always begin in childhood or adolescence.  They also usually stop when the subject hits puberty.  Absence epilepsy don’t have lasting effects on the brain functions or intelligence of the individual.  The bad part about absence seizures are that they interfere with school and learning because they can happen so frequently during the day.  Absence seizures cause momentary loss of consciousness, and normally last less then 30 seconds.  The problem with these seizures is that they can be unnoticed by people because they are so brief and the person that is suffering from there just seem to be staring into space.  The problem with absence seizures and it effecting schooling and learning is because they can happen between 50 to 100 times during the day.

Frontal lobe epilepsy effects the frontal lobe of the brain and it is directly behind the forehead.  The frontal lobe is largest of the five lobes in the brain, it controls the personality, and higher thought process, this includes language and speech.  Frontal lobe epilepsy cause short seizures that start and stop very quickly.  The problem with Frontal lobe epilepsy is that it can be diagnosed as something different when it is first noticed.  They seizures that come from this type of epilepsy can look like other mental problems and without proper testing could be diagnosed as that.  The seizures that take place can be sensorimotor tics, or other problems dealing with motor skills.  And often with these tics, different alterations of consciousness.  Laughter or crying in rare cases can also occur during an frontal lobe seizure.  These seizures can also travel to other parts of the brain making the seizures do different things depending on where the it has traveled to in the brain.

Occipital lobe epilepsy involves the Occipital lobe, it lies at the back of the head.  Occipital lobe epilepsy is similar to frontal and temporal lobe epilepsy, but the seizures usually are related to the eyes.  Often seizures begin with hallucinations, rapid blinking, and other symptoms with the eyes.

Parietal lobe epilepsy effects the Parietal lobe which lies between the frontal and temporal lobes.  Parietal epilepsy is similar to those two types of epilepsy because the seizures can spread to other parts of the brain, making the seizures do have different consequences depending on what part it goes to.

Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form of epilepsy and the most common cause of Partial seizures and aura.  Aura is something that happens to the body before a seizure letting the person know that they are about to suffer one.  The different symptoms of this could be a sinking feeling in your stomach,  or a sense of deja vu, or can also take a form of a auditory hallucination.  Like a song you’ve heard or a jingle.  Temporal lobe epilepsy if left untreated can damage the hippocampus, which is the part of the brain that helps your memory, and learning.  The damage is very small and slow but it is still good to get the epilepsy treated as early as possible.

 

These are the most common forms of epilepsy, if you know someone that is suffering from any of these symptoms that were listed you should get them to the doctor as soon as you can.  The faster you get them diagnosed the faster you can get them treated and on the road to recovery.

Source: http://typesofepilepsy.com/

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From → Brain, Eyes, Health

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