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Colitis – Swollen Colon

February 25, 2013

colonA swollen colon is one of the most common types of colon problems reported by people. Inflammation of the colon, also called colitis, can be the result of many different factors, usually due to injury, infection,  autoimmune disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or drug side effects. Colitis may be acute and self-limited or chronic, that is persistent, and broadly fits into the category of digestive diseases.

In a medical context, the label colitis (without qualification) is used if:

  • The cause of the inflammation in the colon is undetermined; for example, colitis may be applied to Crohn’s disease at a time when the diagnosis has not declared itself, or
  • The context is clear; for example, an individual with ulcerative colitis is talking about their disease with a physician that knows the diagnosis.

The signs and symptoms of colitides are quite variable and dependent on the etiology (or cause) of the given colitis and factors that modify its course and severity. Symptoms of colitis may include: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea, cramping, urgency and bloating.

Signs may include: abdominal tenderness, weight loss, changes in bowel habits (increased frequency), fever, bleeding/bloody stools, diarrhea and distension. Signs seen on colonoscopy include: colonic mucosal erythema (redness of the inner surface of the colon), ulcers, bleeding.

Simple self-help includes adding more (filtered) water to your diet to keep the colon as hydrated as possible, and to check if there is any food in your diet that might cause the colon to swell (usually within 24 hours). If the swelling and pain persist, then you should consult with your primary care provider to find out the cause, and decide on a treatment.

Sources:

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One Comment
  1. shaybi343 permalink

    Reblogged this on shaybi343.

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